Its been 63 years of Indian Independence. We earned our independence from the British on 15th of Aug 1947. I wanted to pen down about what I know about Independent India. When you talk about a big country like India, it would be tough to talk about all the factors which would have influenced the country and its people. The factors that influenced Independent India starts right from day one of its independence when Partition of India was done by British and two sides of India were flanked as Pakistan and Bangladesh. After independence, the political leaders of India adopted democratic system. Since its independence, India has transformed a lot.
Below are some of the achievements or incidents which have shaped India into what we are now.
In 1947, India formally was able to get acquire Kashmir. However, PoK still remains under Pakistan and Aksai Chin remains with China. Kashmir has been the reason to fight between India and Pakistan for 60 years and none of the politicians were able to find a solution to resolve this issue which resulted in terrorism which has claimed of hundreds of thousands of innocent of people. This had a huge impact on Young people of India. There were many wars post independence with the neighbouring countries, Pakistan (1948, 1965, 1972 & 1999) & China (1962). We won all the battles other than the China war, losing lot of brave Indian soldiers.
India always had many great Leaders before and after independence. As always where good is there evil exists and many of these leaders were assassinated. Leaders like Gandhi, Indira Gandhi, Rajiv Gandhi were some of the greats who were assassinated.
The Constitution of India came into force which we celebrate as Republic Day on January 26 every year. Since then there were lot of reforms (like Economic Reforms in India in 1991) and commissions which were introduced for the welfare of the people. There were also amendments done to the constitution when ever necessary in the interest of people’s welfare.
In 1961, Goa has been liberated from Portuguese rule by using Armed forces on Portuguese troops in Goa. This resulted in Diplomatic relations between India and Portugal strained for decades.
There were also some dark patches which are forgettable. In 1975, Under the leadership of Indira Gandhi General Emergency was called in the country which is seen as the Dark Era in the Indian Political History. Mandal Commission Report in 1990, created a huge divide in Indian society dividing people into upper class and backward class. The people who were responsible for dividing the society on the basis of caste were, V P Singh, Ram Vilas Paswan, Laloo Prasad Yadav, Mulayam Singh Yadav, Sharad Yadav and B.P. Mandal himself.
Where there is success and prosperity there is always scam coming into light. Similarly India has seen many scams involving right from banks to fodder. The first major scam that came into light was the Securities Scam in 1992 which made one man Harshad Mehta filthy rich. Since then there were many scams which came into light and disappeared as if it was part of life.
As India is home for many religions many people have taken that to their advantage and stirred up many communal riots. This started right from the riots happened due to partition where thousands of people died in the name of religion. Since then Delhi Sikh Masaccre as a result of Indira Gandhi’s assassination, Ayodhya riots and Bombay riots as a result of Babri Demolition, In 2002, Gujarat riots for which the reason is still skeptical.
In technology field, India has advanced a lot. In 1974, India did its first Nuclear Test to show that its self reliant in terms of Power. During the course of time India continued to build its nuclear capability and even the active CIA agents had no clue about India’s design. In 1975, India launched its first Indian Space Satellite, Aryabhata which provided technological experience in building and operating a satellite system. After this, there was no looking back and we has achieved tremendous success in space science under the leadership of Abdul Kalam who later went on to become the President of India. In 1984, Rakesh Sharma created history when he became the first Indian and 138th man to visit space. It was a historic moment for India. Unfortunately, India never sent any other cosmonauts to space then after.
India has seen a rise in economy and industrialisation. BSE which started in 1956 has hit 20,000 Mark for the first time in 2007 which later came down due to the economic downturn which shaked the world. Many Companies like Infosys have been started by Indians which have become icons of India and marked India’s name. These companies have also provided jobs to thousands of Indians directly or indirectly. Company like Tata which has been a people’s company has given Tata Nano which is affordable by any common man.
India has also made its name in science and technology. We have won 5 Nobel prizes namely Venkatraman Ramakrishnan in the field of Chemistry in 2009, Amartya Sen for Economics in 1998, Subrahmanyan Chandrasekhar for Physics in 1983, Mother Teresa for Peace in 1979 and Har Gobind Khorana for Medicine in 1968.
In sports India have reached great heights. In Hockey we have won 5 gold medals post independence. In Cricket we won World Cup in 1983 and also won the 20-20 world cup in 2007. Paes & Bhupati became No.1 doubles pair in Tennis. Sania Mirza became the first Indian to reach to a rank under 30 in Tennis. Saina Nehwal went on to become world’s No.2 Badminton player. Rajyavardhan Singh Rathore won Olympics Silver Medal in 2004. Abhinav Bindra, won Gold medal in 10m Air Rifle Shooting, Vijender Singh won Bronze in 75 Kg Boxing, Sushil Kumar won Bronze in 69 kg wrestling in 2010 Winter Olympics. Last but not the least K D Jadhav (1952), Leander Paes (1996) and Karnam Malleswari (2000) won bronze medals for India in Olympics. There are some dark patches too like India not qualifying for Olympics Hockey in 2008
Finally, here is the conclusion of my post. When India attained independence in 1947, our population was around 400 million people and now we are a country with billion people. India from there has become the largest democracy in the world. We have the political system with largest number of political parties fighting in election campaign. Even before independence India was bunch of different entities. Many predicted about India, because of diversities in its cultures, religion, languages, castes, manners, local histories, nationalities and identities, would not survive as a single democratic country, but would break up into smaller countries.
With all its problems India after 63 years still survives as a single state with strong democratic character.